Milton Hawthorne GREENGOLD
Date of birth : March 14, 1922, Brooklyn, New York City.
Date of death : August 8, 1985, Los Angeles.
Pied-a-terre in Sutton Place, New York City.
Main home in Fanton Hill, Weston, Connecticut.
the Greene family
His parents were Samuel Greengold (July 10, 1889, Minsk-September 23, 1951, New York) and Celia Rubin
They had 5 children :
* Emanuel (born in 1915, New York)
* Harold (January 6, 1919, New York-July 31, 1963, New York)
He began to take pictures at the age of 14.
While he attended the High School in Brooklyn (New York City), he became the assistant of photographers Eliot Elisofon, Louise Dahl-Wolfe and Martin Bauman, in Manhattan.
Bauman was very interested in the energy and the "instinctive eye" of Milton, a precious talent for a photographer. Bauman offered him a partnership.
From the age of 19, he had his own studio where, as a free-lancer, he made portraits of stars such as
In 1942, he married his youthful romance, Evelyn Franlklin (1925, New York-March 13, 2004, New York)
(). After a 7 years wedding, they divorced in 1949.
(Later she would marry and divorce Richard Avedon, another photographer).
September 1949 : thanks to her agent
September 1949 : thanks to her agentJohnny Hyde, Marilyn crossed the thresold of the gorgeous residence of Rupert Allan, overhanging the Beverly Hills canyon. Rupert Allan, editor of Look magazine, had joined this evening, a New York photographers team and also a horde of starlets in preparation of a photo test.
It was this evening that Marilyn met Milton Greene, aged 27, who worked for Life magazine.
He impressed Marilyn; despite his shyness, his enthousiasm, the passion he used to talk about his job, his original ideas captivated Marilyn. He compared photography with a "camera painting", a celebration of the feminine beauty. At that time, he lived at the Château Marmont Hotel, on Sunset Boulevard.
Greene would fly to New York City on September 14, whitout any pictures of Marilyn.
But at this meeting, Milton was late and Amy went back whitout having seen him. Few months later, her agency gave her another appointment with Milton.They met before Milton flew to Paris where he covered the couture collections for Life magazine : with David Haft (Amy dated him sometimes), Milton organized a party at his studio. After the missed appointment, Amy said "Good evening, Milton Greene, good bye Milton Greene".
Fall 1952 : during another date with David Haft, Amy went at David's home. He announced her that he had invited Milton Greene for the evening, this one being just separated from Nelly Nyad, his former companion.
Milton arrived and while David was getting ready, he talked with Amy. This is the moment where they fell in love.
Amy called him back but Milton didn't answer her. She sent him a card for Christmas and this time, he called her.
He took her to Connecticut where he had a house; she remained there.While Amy organized their wedding for September 1953, Milton went to Hollywood for a contract with Look magazine.
Between 1953 and 1957, he gave Marilyn the courage to leave the all-powerful studios to stand on her own twe feet.
He had built a strong and quick reputation of fashion photographer who knew how to deal with the stars (Marlene
Dietrich, Judy Garland, Audrey Hepburn). He was estimated by Richard
Avedon, who considered him as "the greatest women photographer".
Summer 1953 during the shooting of "River of No Return", he took Marilyn in picture, backstage
Summer 1953 during the shooting of "River of No Return", he took Marilyn in picture, backstage
In September 1953, he met Marilyn at the Fox studio.
Pictures Los Angeles
Balalaïka (more pics here).Country (more pics here).
When Milton sent her the snapshots, Marilyn, much satisfied with the result, sent him a bunch of dozen of roses. She thought they were the most beautiful pictures she had ever seen.After their wedding, the newly weds went in honeymoon, travelling to New Orleans where director Joshua Logan
Milton wanted to meet Joe Schenck ; Marilyn introduced them to each other and Milton took pictures of Marilyn, at Schencks
Salon , (more pics here).
At her Doheny Drive home (more pics here).
End of 1953 when he came back from Los Angeles with his wife Amy, Milton encouraged Marilyn to protest against the poor salary assured by her contract and againts the parts she thought degraded her. Marilyn delighted to follow him, wasn't disconcerted by Milton's lack of experience. It needed a year to clear things up, while Marilyn married and divorced DiMaggio.
In May 1954, Milton was again in Los Angeles; he found in the Fox
wardrobe, the costume of Jennifer Jones in "The Song of Bernadett", a
close-fitting jacket, a long skirt, thick black stocking and black
In May 1954, Milton was again in Los Angeles; he found in the Fox wardrobe, the costume of Jennifer Jones in "The Song of Bernadett", a close-fitting jacket, a long skirt, thick black stocking and black sabots.
Marilyn in the Fox studios, in the little french village built for
"What a Price Glory?" and took her in pictures
He took Marilyn in the Fox studios, in the little french village built for "What a Price Glory?" and took her in pictures
Peasant , (more pics here).
New York, Fall 1954Picture sessions in New York, at Milton's studio, on Lexington Avenue
Ballerina, October 6, 1954 (more pics here).
Marilyn wears a dress, too small for her, of Anna Klein, designer and Amy Greene's friend.
St Regis Hotel (more pics here).
10 days after the huge reception at Romanoff which consecrated Marilyn as a big Hollywood star (November 6, 1954), Greene organized her departure to New York.December 2, 1954, they attended a party given at Jess Rand's home (Sammy Davis Jr's publicist)
In December 1954 she took refuge in a hotel in New York City, then at the Greenes, in their house in
The press rushed at the idea that the star was over, but Marilyn and Milton held a press conference on January 7, 1955 to announce the setting up of the Marilyn Monroe Productions
with Marlene Dietrich
They were both the owners of the company with 51% for her as president and 49% for him as vice president. But the Fox frowned upon and didn't want to give up Marilyn's contract without fighting.
The young production company had to fight to keep Marilyn star status, whitout having the benefit of none income and on the only basis of their plans. Greene hypothecated his last coin to make her keeping her star lifestyle.
Marilyn's spending included :
Marilyn's spending included :
250$ a week for her suite at the
250$ a week for her suite at theWaldorf Astoria
100$ a week for her mother's care
125$ a week for her analyst and the renewal of her wardrobe (she had arrived in New York with very few clothes).
February 26,1955, Marilyn went to attend the Jackie Gleason's birthday party at Toot's Shor, along with Milton
Pictures New York 1955
Strapped dress/mirror Milton's studio, January 28, 1955 (more pics here).
March 8, 1955, bathrobe (more pics here).
February 14, 1955, tennis (more pics here).
March 1955, at Brooks, for the preparation of the ceremony at the Madison Square Garden
March 1955 : she began to take drugs (barbiturates) with Milton's help, whose brother, Lee B.Greene (born in 1910) was a doctor, attached to the Bellevue Hospital, New York.
Preparation for the program "Person to Person" with Edward Murrow at the New York Ambassador Hotel
March 9, 1955, premiere of "East of Eden" at the Astor Theatre
March 17, 1955, at the Friars Club
March 22, 1955, pre-performance for arthritis victim with Milton Berle
March 24, 1955 premiere of Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" at the Morosco Theatre
March 30, 1955, at the Madison Square Garden
April 8, 1955, Marilyn is the guest of the program of Edward R.Murrow, "Person to Person", directed in Weston,
At Milton's studio, with Marlon Brando , (more pics here).
When it was obvious
that Greene wouldn't found any rich sponsor to fund the Marilyn
Monroe Productions, his lawyers team got the green light to renegociate
a new contract with the Fox.
On December 31, 1955 : the Fox agreed the terms established by Marilyn and Milton; she spent the New Year's Eve at Greenes house.
February 9, 1956, press conference to announce the shooting of the 1st movie produced by the Marilyn Monroe
February 14, 1956, Black Series ,,, (more pics here).
On February 25, 1956, leaving New York to Los Angeles for her come back in Hollywood for the production of
Press conference at the Los Angeles airport
It was a moment af great proud for Marilyn, who, thanks to Milton, won kind of a perfect command of her career. Greene searched contracts, negociated in Marilyn's name, eliminated the difficulties and played the go-between, among Marilyn and the rest of the world.
He attended the dancing rehearsals for "Old Black Magic" Marilyn played in "Bus Stop".
Marilyn with Gwen Vernon, Jack Cole's assistant
Greene's creative contribution to Marilyn's career appeared also in the fact that he took pictures of her. He invented the atmosphere of "Bus Stop", supervised the lighting and imagined the incredible pale make-up of Cherie. Milton's ideas (mostly the make-up) aroused kind of anxiety at the Fox's direction; Buddy Adler, producer of the movie, talked to him about it but after having seen the rushes, he was very impressed by Greene's work and even offered him a production work in Los Angeles.
March 1, 1956 agreement with the Warner
March 1956 : Milton negociated with Lee Strasberg, because Paula Strasberg's presence wasn't appreciated by Joshua Logan on the set of "Bus Stop"; he obtained that Paula stayed in Marilyn's dressing-room but not on the set.
Bus StopWith Joshua Greene
ArizonaIn the arena
with Joshua Logan
April 15, 1956, session at Fox lotGrey fur (more pics here).
June 1st, 1956, party at the Los Angeles Beverly Hills Hotel, for Indonesian President Soekarno's honor-
The people who came in Marilyn's circle in 1955 and 1956, precipitated Milton's fall. Lee Strasberg adviosed Marilyn to see a psychoanalyst; Milton advised her Margaret
Hohenberg who had been his own analyst.
Marilyn also spent a lot of time with Arthur Miller who didn't trust Milton.
1956, with Arthur Miller
The Marilyn Monroe Productions used « Bus Stop » great success to produce their only movie "The Prince and The Showgirl" (1957), shot in England.
Production in London
With Laurence OlivierHairdressing and costume tests ,,;,,,
On July 24, 1956,
the writer Terence Rattigan gave a party for the beginning if the
shooting of "The Prince and The Showgirl", to which Marilyn and Arthur
Miller attended, dressed in Edwardian outfit
, - this house, belonging to Mr Patrick Cotes-Preedy and his wife, was
first to be for the Miller's, but they finally settled in Egham.
this house, belonging to Mr Patrick Cotes-Preedy and his wife, was first to be for the Miller's, but they finally settled in Egham.
January 1957, Red dress session , (more pics here).
April 1957 : Marilyn broke up with Milton and initiated a procedure to force him to resign. They would never meet again.
On April 16, 1957, a new board of directors for Marilyn Monroe Productions Inc. was elected, and Miltonleft the company .
In July 1962, he called Marilyn and they talked together for an hour and a half. They suggested to see each other in August, after Milton's return, because he had to go to Paris to cover the haute couture collection.
On August 4, 1962, Milton and Amy had dinner in Paris with Marlene Dietrich and Alicia
On Sunday August 5, they had a picnic in Fontainebleau and learned Marilyn's death. First, Milton believed of Marilyn's accidental suicide, then, years later, with the appearance of new elements, he would'nt believe to the accident anymore.
The lawyers would fight during a year until she would buy back Milton's parts for 100 000$ (his earnings of more than 2 years of work) and he would give up his career as producer. He would work back as photographer but would began to feel rancor and soon would give in to drugs and alcohol. However, he would always remain courteous towards Marilyn.
On the international level, he worked for publicity agencies and magazines as Life, Vogue et Harper’s Bazaar.
He linked up with Joe Eula and founded the Greene-Eula Corporation. Milton bought a small building on East 55ème Street, which would become their business center.
Despite his success in "Bus Stop" and "The Prince and The Showgirl", Milton became persona non grata in the movie circle.
"Milton's Marilyn", Milton M. Greene, James Kotsilibas-Davis, Joshua Greene, Munich, Schirmer/mosel Verlag Gmbh, 1995
"Of Women and Their Elegancee, text of Norman Mailer and picturs of Milton Greene, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1980
"My Story", Marilyn Monroe, New York, Stein and Day, 1974.